Developing a Basic Blog with Ruby on Rails

Nicholas Flynn

Developing a Basic Blog with Ruby on Rails

Welcome to the world of web development with Ruby on Rails! Ever wanted to make your own blog from the ground up? Ruby on Rails makes it easy to create a functional blog.

You’ll learn about the MVC pattern and how to make models, views, and controllers. We’re here to help you every step of the way. Are you ready to begin your blog development journey with Ruby on Rails?

Understanding Ruby on Rails and MVC

Ruby on Rails is a framework for web app development using Ruby. It gives developers tools to build efficient and strong web apps. The heart of Ruby on Rails is the MVC pattern. This pattern helps organize web app development smoothly.

The MVC pattern splits app code into three parts: model, view, and controller layers. This organization makes coding cleaner.

Model Layer

The model layer handles data and talks to the database. It sets up how data is structured. This layer also offers ways to manipulate the data. Thus, it makes maintaining and scaling the app easier.

View Layer

The view layer manages how the app looks on the web. It turns data into HTML for the web browser. This part ensures users can interact easily with the app. It aims for a smooth user experience.

Controller Layer

The controller layer connects the model and view parts. It processes what users do and works out how model and view should respond. Controllers take user input, act on it, and then update the model. They choose the right views for each user action.

Ruby on Rails uses MVC for a structured development process. With MVC, developers can keep their code neat and easy to handle. This makes building, testing, and updating web apps simpler.

Creating a New Rails Project

To start a web app with Ruby on Rails, the first thing is making a Rails project. This is easy to do with the command prompt. Just open it and type “rails new [project_name]”. This will start a new Rails project and create the folders you need.

Creating a new Rails project sets up different folders for your app. You’ll have folders for things like your app’s settings, models, views, and controllers. This helps keep your project neat and makes sure everything is where it should be.

In the project, you’ll also find key files like the database settings and routes. The database file lets you connect to your database. The routes file lets you manage your app’s URLs and connect them to actions in the controller.

By doing these steps and starting a new Rails project, you’re on your way to making your app. The folders and files you create are key for organizing your work and building your app well.

Generating Models and Database Setup

Models in Ruby on Rails are vital. They decide how data is structured and interact with the database. To make a model, use rails generate model [model_name]. This creates a model file for database communication.

You can also set up database tables with migrations. Migrations are scripts that detail database changes over time. Running these scripts lets you update the database structure without harming existing data. Rails uses ActiveRecord, a tool that makes database tasks easier, for this purpose.

Creating Views and Controllers

In Ruby on Rails, views and controllers team up to shape the web app’s interface. Views take care of showing logic and making the HTML for the browser. Controllers deal with user requests, working with the model and view.

A Ruby on Rails view is in an erb file, mixing HTML and Ruby code. This blend allows for lively content and smooth UI rendering. The view file shows how to present model data to the user, using UI elements correctly.

Controllers sort out user requests, choosing the right view in response. Each controller action links to a user request like form submission. When acted upon, it picks the view to show. The controller works with the model to get or change data, then informs the view.

The process starts with the controller giving data to the view, which then creates HTML. This HTML has lively content from Ruby code in the view file. The final HTML appears in the browser, making the app’s interface viewable.


Controller actions are different user requests in a web app. For a blog, actions might include making, editing, or deleting a post. Each action triggers a controller method to handle logic and show a view.

When users interact, like submitting forms, the related action runs. It picks which view based on the interaction and processes data. This makes user experiences dynamic and personal, improving the web app.

Views and controllers in Ruby on Rails work together for a smooth interface. Views manage showing things, while controllers process requests and interact with models. This separation makes Ruby on Rails web development efficient, offering dynamic and engaging user interfaces.

Routing and RESTful Design

In Ruby on Rails, routing determines how HTTP requests match with controller actions. By setting up URLs and linking them to actions in “config/routes.rb,” you steer your web app’s direction.

Ruby on Rails sticks to RESTful principles, using HTTP methods like GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE uniformly. This makes your app’s API solid, following well-known standards. It helps keep it fast and able to grow.

When you set up your URLs, think about your app’s resources. Rails uses the routing file to create routes for CRUD operations automatically. This simplifies handling these tasks. It keeps your URLs neat and easy to manage.

Testing and Deployment

Testing is vital for any web app’s development. Ruby on Rails offers tools for automated testing. You can write unit, integration, and functional tests. These tests make sure your application performs well.

After thorough testing, it’s deployment time. Deploying a Ruby on Rails app includes setting up web servers and databases. Also, you deploy the app code to a hosting platform. This ensures your app is ready for users.

Continuous integration tools streamline testing and deployment. They automate building and deploying your app. With these tools, any code changes are automatically tested and deployed. This keeps your app updated and running smoothly.